Study Demonstrates a Better way to Store Renewable Energy
FAYETTEVILLE, Ark. – In an effort to find better ways to store renewable energy, physicists at the University of Arkansas, in collaboration with a scientist at the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology, have shown that antiferroelectrics can provide high energy density. The findings may lead to storage devices that improve the efficiency of wind and solar power.
Because the production of renewable electricity may fluctuate from second to second, any device designed to store it must cope with constantly changing loads and still achieve high energy density relative to size. Batteries, supercapacitors and other technologies that can achieve high densities typically cannot react quickly enough to changing conditions. Traditional electrostatic capacitors can react quickly, but can’t hold enough energy for large-scale use.
U of A researchers Bin Xu, a research associate in the Department of Physics, and Laurent Bellaiche, Distinguished Professor of physics, along with Jorge Íñiguez at LIST, showed that antiferroelectrics may be able to achieve both goals. They published their findings in May in the journal Nature Communications.
Antiferroelectrics are materials in which adjacent dipoles – positive and negative charge centers separated by a very small space – are ordered in opposite direction of one another. Ferroelectric materials, by contrast, have adjacent dipoles ordered in the same direction.
Antiferroelectrics become ferroelectric with the application of a high enough electric field. By exploiting this characteristic, researchers predicted that high energy density and efficiency can be achieved in antiferroelectrics, in particular with the rare-earth substituted bismuth ferrite material used in this study. The paper explored improving the storage performance with further manipulation of the electric field. They were also able to create a model that explains the connection between energy density and the electric field, which points toward further research in the future.
Bin Xu, research associate
Department of Physics
Poet Rachel Mennies, the 2021-22 Walton Visiting Writer in Poetry, will give a virtual reading of her work at 7 p.m., Monday, Oct. 4. Register for the public event.
As part of a student-driven research project that began in fall 2020, a team of biomedical engineering students is asking the public to take the survey for the group's project, HealthcARe for All.
The STEM Employer Resume Reviews from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. Tuesday, Sept. 28, in the Arkansas Union International Connections Lounge.
University Programs hosts the romantic comedy She's the Man starring Amanda Bynes and Channing Tatum Wednesday, Sept. 29, at 7 p.m. in the University Programs Video Theater.
ASG, the Multicultural Center and Greek Life will host a Glow Run at 7:30 p.m., Tuesday, Sept. 28, as part of It's On Us Week.